US Laws Against FGM - State by State - Equality Now
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US Laws Against FGM - State by State

States with laws against FGM highlighted in orange.

State

Applicable law

Only applies to minors (under 18 unless otherwise specified)

Parent/ Guardian and circumciser subject to prosecution

“Vacation provision” banning travel outside the state for FGM

Cultural/ ritual reason and/or consent not a defense

Provisions for community education and outreach

Sentence

Alabama

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION: HB421]

Under 19

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 20 years and/or fine up to $30,000

Arizona

A.R.S § 12-513, 13-705,  13-1214, 13-3620 Effective 4/24/2014

x

 

x

   

Imprisonment 5.25 - 35 years and fine of not less than $25,000

Arkansas

A.C.A. § 5-14-135, 12-18-103, 16-118-116, 17-80-121, 20-82-101, 20-82-102 Effective Mar. 26, 2019

x

x

x

x

x

Imprisonment 3-10 years

California i

Cal. Pen. Code § 273a, 273.4 Passed in 1996; Effective 1/1/1997

x

x

   

x

Imprisonment 1 - 6 years

Colorado ii

Col. Rev. Stat. § 18-6-401 Effective 5/24/1999

Under 16

x

 

x

x

Imprisonment minimum 4 years

Connecticut

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION: H.B. 5142, S.B. 505 ]

x

 

 

 

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years and fine up to $5,000

Delaware

Del. Code Tit. 11, § 780 Effective 7/3/1996

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years

Florida

Fla. Stat. § 794.08 Effective 10/1/2018

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 15 years and/or fine up to $10,000

Georgia iii

O.C.G.A. § 16-5-27 Effective 7/1/2005

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 5 - 20 years

Hawaii

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION: SB 1434, HB 132]

 

x

x

x

x

Imprisonment for an indeterminate term

Idaho

I.C. §18-1506B, I.C. §19-402, Passed March 21, 2019 Effective Jul. 1, 2019

x

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to life

Illinois

PASSED: 720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/12-34 Effective 1/1/1998

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION HB3498]

 

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 6 - 30 years

Iowa

I.C.A. § 708.16, Passed 5/1/2019

x

 

x

x

x

Imprisonment for up to 5 years and fine of $750-$7,500

Kansas

K.S.A. § 21-5431 Enacted 4/10/2013

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 89-100 months

Louisiana

La. R.S. 14:43.4 Effective 8/1/2012

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 15 years

Maryland

Md. Code Health-Gen. § 20-601, 602 Effective 4/28/1998 

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000

Massachusetts

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION S.834, H.1466, H.3332]

x

 

x

x

x

Imprisonment 2.5-10 years and fine up to $10,000

Michigan

MI ST 750.136
Effective 10/9/2017

x

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment up
to 15 years

Minnesota

PASSED: Minn. Stat. § 144.3872, 609.2245; Effective 8/1/1995

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION: HF 373]

     

x

x

Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $10,000

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 568.065 Passed 7/13/2000; Effective 1/1/2017

Under 17

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 5 - 15 years

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.5083 Effective 6/26/1997

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 10 years and/or fine up to $10,000

New Hampshire

N.H. Rev. Stat. § 632-A:10-d Effective Jan. 1, 2019

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 7 years

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. § 2C:24- 10 Effective 1/17/2014

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 3 - 5 years

New York

N.Y. Penal Law § 130.85 Effective 11/1/1997; N.Y. Public Health Law § 207(k) Effective 11/20/2015

x

x

 

x

x

Imprisonment up to 4 years

North Carolina

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION SB9]

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonmnet up to 15.16 years

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-36-01 Effective 8/1/1995, Amended 4/5/2019.

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years and /or fine up to $10,000

Ohio

OH ST § 2903.32, 2929.14, 2929.18 

x

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment 2-8 years and/or a fine up to $15,000, and an additional fine up to $25,000

Oklahoma

21 Okl. St. § 760 Effective 11/1/2009

 

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment 3 years to life and /or fine up to $20,000

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.207 Effective 7/15/1999

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 10 years

Pennsylvania

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION HB315]

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment for more than 10 years

Rhode Island iv

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-5-2 Effective 7/3/1996

 

 

 

 

 

Imprisonment up to 20 years 

South Carolina

Code 1976 § 16-3-2210-2240, Passed May 16, 2019

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 20 years and/or fine up to $20,000

South Dakota

S.D.C.L. §§ 22-18- 37, 22-18-38, 22- 18-39 Effective 3/10/2015

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 10 years and fine up to $20,000

Tennessee

Tenn. Code § 39-13-110 Effective 7/1/1996, as amended, Effective 7/1/2019

 

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 12 years and /or fine up to $5,000

Texas

Tex. Health & Safety Code § 167.001 Effective 9/1/2017

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 6 months-2 years and /or fine up to $10,000

Utah

U.C.A. 1953 § 76-5-701, 76-5-702, 76-5-703, 76-5-704 Passed Mar. 22, 2019

x

x

x

x

x

Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000

Vermont

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION: H.83]

x

 

x

 

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $25,000

Virginia

Va. Code §§ 8.01- 42.5, 18.2-51.7 Effective July 1, 2018. Va. Code § 22.1-207.1:1, Passed Feb. 22, 2019 

x

x

x

 

x

Imprisonment up to life and/or a fine up to $100,000

Washington

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION HB 2000]

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 10 years and/or fine of $20,000

Washington, D.C. v

[PROPOSED LEGISLATION DC B23-0339]

 

x

x

x

x

Imprisonment up to 10 years or a fine up to $25,000

West Virginia

W. Va. Code § 61-8D-3A Passed 2/23/1999; Effective 90 days later

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 10 years & fine $1-5,000

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 146.35 Effective 5/28/1996

x

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment 6 years and/or fine up to $10,000

 

i California: enhanced penalty for FGM under “Abandonment and Neglect of Children” (Penal Code).
ii Colorado: within child abuse law, and one of few states where doctor-patient and husband-wife privileges are inapplicable in prosecutions for FGM.
iii Georgia: One of few states where husband-wife and other statutory privileges are inapplicable in prosecutions for FGM.
iv Rhode Island: within assault statute

v Washington, D.C.: Law applies to both minors and individuals under a conservatorship or guardianship

Learn more about FGM in the US.