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US Laws Against FGM - State by State

States with laws against FGM highlighted in orange.

State

Applicable law

Only applies to minors (under 18 unless otherwise specified)

Parent/ Guardian and circumciser subject to prosecution

“Vacation provision” banning travel outside the state for FGM

Cultural/ ritual reason and/or consent not a defense

Provisions for community education and outreach

Sentence

Arizona

A.R.S § 12-513, 13-705,  13-1214, 13-3620 Effective 4/24/2014

x

 

x

   

Imprisonment 5.25 - 35 years and fine up to $25,000

California i

Cal. Pen. Code § 273a, 273.4 Passed in 1996; Effective 1/1/1997

x

x

   

x

Imprisonment 1 - 6 years

Colorado ii

Col. Rev. Stat. § 18-6-401 Effective 5/24/1999

Under 16

x

 

x

x

Imprisonment minimum 4 years

Delaware

Del. Code Tit. 11, § 780 Effective 7/3/1996

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years

Florida

Fla. Stat. § 794.08 Effective 10/1/2007

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 30 years and/or fine up to $10,000

Georgia iii

O.C.G.A. § 16-5-27 Effective 7/1/2005

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 5 - 20 years

Illinois

720 Ill. Comp. Stat. 5/12-34 Effective 1/1/1998

 

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 6 - 30 years

Kansas

K.S.A. § 21-5431 Enacted 4/10/2013

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 60 - 68 months

Louisiana

La. R.S. 14:43.4 Effective 8/1/2012

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 15 years

Maryland

Md. Code Health-Gen. § 20-601, 602 Effective 4/28/1998 Note: Proposed changes 

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years and/or fine up to $5,000

Michigan

1931 PA 328 § 136
1978 PA 368 § 9159
Effective 10/9/2017

x

x

x

x

x

Imprisonment up
to 15 years

Minnesota

Minn. Stat. § 144.3872, 609.2245 Passed in 1994; Effective 8/1/1995

     

x

x

Imprisonment up to life and/or fine

Missouri

Mo. Rev. Stat. § 568.065 Passed 7/13/2000; Effective 1/1/2017

Under 17

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 5 - 15 years

Nevada

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 200.5083 Effective 6/26/1997

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 10 years and/or fine up to $10,000

New Hampshire

HB 1739 Effective Jan. 1, 2019

x

x

x

X

 

Type A felony

 

New Jersey

N.J. Stat. § 2C:24- 10 Effective 1/17/2014

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 3 - 4 years

New York

N.Y. Penal Law § 130.85 Passed 9/29/1997; Effective 45 days later N.Y. Public Health Law § 207(k) Effective 11/20/2015

x

x

 

x

x

Imprisonment up to 4 years

North Dakota

N.D. Cent. Code § 12.1-36-01 Effective 8/1/1995

x

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment up to 5 years and /or fine up to $5,000

Oklahoma

21 Okl. St. § 760 Effective 11/1/2009

 

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment 3 years to life and /or fine up to $200,000

Oregon

Or. Rev. Stat. § 163.207 Effective 7/15/1999

x

x

 

x

x

Imprisonment up to 20 years

Rhode Island iv

R.I. Gen. Laws § 11-5-2 Effective 7/3/1996

 

 

 

 

 

Imprisonment up to 10 years and /or fine up to $20,000

South Dakota

S.D.C.L. §§ 22-18- 37, 22-18-38, 22- 18-39 Effective 3/10/2015

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment up to 10 years and fine up to $20,000

Tennessee

Tenn. Code § 39-13-110 Effective 7/1/1996 Note: Proposed changes 

 

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 12 years and /or fine up to $5,000

Texas

Tex. Health & Safety Code § 167.001 Effective 9/1/2017

x

x

x

x

 

Imprisonment 6 months-2 years and /or fine up to $10,000

Virginia

Va. Code §§ 8.01- 42.5, 18.2-51.7 Effective July 1, 2017

x

x

 

 

 

Imprisonment up to one year and a fine up to $2,500

West Virginia

W. Va. Code § 61-8D-3A Passed 2/23/1999; Effective 90 days later

x

x

 

x

 

Imprisonment 2 - 10 years & fine $1-5,000

Wisconsin

Wis. Stat. § 146.35 Effective 5/28/1996

x

 

 

x

 

Imprisonment 5 years and/or fine up to $10,000

 

i California: enhanced penalty for FGM under “Abandonment and Neglect of Children” (Penal Code).
ii Colorado: within child abuse law, and one of few states where doctor-patient and husband-wife privileges are inapplicable in prosecutions for FGM.
iii Georgia: One of few states where husband-wife and other statutory privileges are inapplicable in prosecutions for FGM.
iv Rhode Island: within assault statute

Learn more about FGM in the US.