By standing in solidarity, with strength, humanity, and kindness we will emerge from this crisis into another new more exciting normal, where we will be stronger and better connected than ever before.
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: A Call for a Global Response, a new report released by Equality Now, End FGM European Network and the US End FGM/C Network, features the voices of survivors of FGM/C from across the world.
FGM/C is widely known to take place amongst diaspora communities in the United States. Less known are the stories of FGM/C occuring in the local population, including within Christian communities.
In Sri Lanka, FGM/C takes place amongst the Moor, Malay, and Bohra communities. There is little research available on the prevalence, and there is no specific law against the practice.
FGM/C is documented amongst the Malay community in Singapore, where it is known as ‘sunat’. The Malay community makes up 15% of the total population in Singapore. There are no prevalence estimates available.
Whilst there is no nationally representative data on FGM/C prevalence in Iran, various studies surveying women and girls from Western and Southern regions in Iran have found FGM/C prevalence ranging from 16 - 83% within the study samples. Girls are cut at different ages normally ranging from babies up to 16 or 17-years-old, though a majority of girls are cut before the age of 7.
In India, FGM/C is mainly prevalent in the Bohra community, with a 2018 study estimating 75% of daughters (aged 7 and above) in the Bohra community had undergone FGM/C. The Indian government has yet to take concrete steps towards eliminating the practice.
FGM is illegal in Canada. With diaspora communities from across Africa and the Middle East, it is estimated that over 80,000 women and girls are living with the effects of FGM in Canada. They may have immigrated having already undergone FGM, been subjected to it on trips to their homeland, or even illegally in Canada.
Indonesia has one of the highest rates of FGM in the world and research conducted by UNICEF in 2016 found that half of girls under 11 years old in Indonesia are circumcised. According to the data, 14-year-old girls and below represent 44 million of those who have been cut, and Indonesia is among the three countries with the highest prevalence of FGM among this age group, along with Gambia and Mauritania.