Egypt - Penal Code No. 58 of 1937 - Equality Now
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Egypt - Penal Code No. 58 of 1937

Article 237 of Egypt’s Penal Code No. 58 allows for a lesser punishment for men who kill their wives on discovering them in an act of adultery than for other forms of murder.

  • Country: Egypt
  • Law status: Discriminatory law in force
  • Law Type: Honor Killings

Article 237 of Egypt’s Penal Code No. 58 allows for a lesser punishment for men who kill their wives on discovering them in an act of adultery than for other forms of murder.

Article 237. Whoever surprises his wife in the act of adultery and kills her on the spot together with her adulterer-partner shall be punished with detention instead of the penalties prescribed in articles 234 and 236.

Link to full law

Note:

Article 237 of the Egyptian Penal Code allows for a lesser punishment for men who kill their wives than for other forms of murder.

Article 53 of the Constitution of Egypt: All citizens are equal before the law. They are equal in rights, freedoms and general duties without discrimination based on religion, belief, sex, origin, race, color, language, disability, social class, and affiliation.

Sex discrimination in laws purporting to address violence, or silence on the issue within the law, can actually promote or perpetuate violence against women and girls because there is little to deter perpetrators from committing crimes or inadequate recourse for victims; intimate partner and sexual violence is disproportionately inflicted upon women and adolescent girls.

Laws that prescribe lesser punishments for so-called “honor” killings can lead to impunity for crimes against women, and actually promote or perpetuate such violence. 

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Call on President Ibrahim Mahlab Abdel Fattah el-Sisi to turn words into deeds.

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