China - The Labour Act (1994) - Equality Now

China - The Labour Act (1994)

  • Country: China
  • Law status: Discriminatory law in force
  • Law Type: Employment

Chapter VII, Section 59 of China’s Labour Act (1994) automatically bars all women from engaging in mining, other forms of intense physical labor that the State specifies or other work that female workers “should avoid.”

Chapter VII. Special Protection for Female and Juvenile Workers.

Section 59. It is prohibited to arrange female workers to engage in work down the pit of mines, or work with grade IV physical labour intensity as stipulated by the State, or other work that female workers should avoid.

Link to full law


Article 48 of the Constitution of China: Women in the People's Republic of China enjoy equal rights with men in each sphere of life, in political, economic, cultural, social and family life. The state protects the rights and interests of women, applies the principle of equal pay for equal work to men and women alike and trains and selects cadres from among women.

Sex discrimination in economic status laws restricts women from being economically independent, limiting access to inheritance and property ownership as well as to employment opportunities, thereby reinforcing gender stereotypes and roles.

Sex discriminatory labour laws limit women’s access to employment opportunities and reinforce gender stereotypes. 

#Beijing25 #WordsAndDeeds  

Call on President Xi Jinping to turn words into deeds.

Take Action