Bahrain - Decree Law No. 12 Amending Bahraini Citizenship Act of 1963 - Equality Now
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Bahrain - Decree Law No. 12 Amending Bahraini Citizenship Act of 1963

Article 4 of Bahrain’s Decree Law No. 12 amending the Bahraini Citizenship Act of 1963 allows Bahraini mothers to only pass on their citizenship to their children under certain conditions not applicable to Bahraini fathers.

  • Country: Bahrain
  • Law status: Discriminatory law in force
  • Law Type: Citizenship

Article 4 of Bahrain’s Decree Law No. 12 amending the Bahraini Citizenship Act of 1963 allows Bahraini mothers to only pass on their citizenship to their children under certain conditions not applicable to Bahraini fathers.

Article 4. A person shall be deemed a Bahraini national in the following cases:

A. If he/she was born in Bahrain or abroad and the father, at the time of the birth, was a Bahraini national.

B. If he/she was born in Bahrain or abroad and the mother, at the time of birth, was a Bahraini national, providing that the father was either unknown or paternity was not legally proven.

Link to full law

Note:

Article 18 of the Constitution of Bahrain: People are equal in human dignity, and citizens are equal before the law in public rights and duties. There shall be no discrimination among them on the basis of sex, origin, language, religion or creed.

Sex discrimination in personal status laws negatively impacts the ability of women to conduct various aspects of their daily lives. 

Nationality laws which prevent a woman from passing on citizenship to their children on an equal basis as the father makes families insecure and can result in severe hardships for the children, including lack of access to education, employment, health and social benefits and other human rights. 

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