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Afghanistan - Shia Personal Status Law of 2009

  • Country: Afghanistan
  • Law status: Discriminatory law in force
  • Law Type: Marriage, Divorce, Polygamy & Wife Obedience

Article 133 of Afghanistan’s Shia Personal Status Law of 2009 provides that the household's supervision is solely the right of the husband and restricts a wife's right to leave the home.

Article 133. (1) The household’s supervision is the right of the husband, unless based on the husband’s mental deficiency, and by order of the court, it is given to the wife.

(2) A wife can leave the house for legal purposes to the extent that local custom allows . . .

Link to full law

Note:

In 2009, the government of Afghanistan enacted the Shia Personal Status Law (applicable to the Shia population of Afghanistan), which contains a number of discriminatory provisions, including the ones highlighted above.

Article 22 of the Constitution of Afghanistan: Any kind of discrimination and distinction between citizens of Afghanistan shall be forbidden. The citizens of Afghanistan, man and woman, have equal rights and duties before the law.

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