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Online Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in India

India is a growing technology hub. In 2019, it became the second most connected country in the world, with over 560 million internet users. As internet use in urban India increased during the pandemic, so did online violence on digital platforms, which ...

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Online Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Kenya

As one of Africa’s leaders on internet uptake, recording the highest internet penetration rate in Africa in 2020, Kenya’s laws are particularly important in protecting users against online sexual exploitation and abuse (OSEA). Among a population of 47.6 ...

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Online Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in Nigeria

As one of Africa’s leaders on internet uptake with more than half of Nigeria’s population subscribing to the internet, Nigeria’s laws are of particular importance in protecting users against online sexual exploitation and abuse (OSEA). While Nigeria has ...

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Bolivia CAT Submission 2021

This joint submission details our concerns with regard to laws related to rape and other forms of sexual violence and procedures and practices which effectively deny access to justice for survivors of sexual violence. Bolivia’s legal system continues to ...

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Statute of Limitations

A statute of limitations is a law that sets the amount of time (usually specified in years) that a victim has to come forward and report a crime before prosecution is no longer possible. Applied to sexual violence cases, statutes of limitations add an ...

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Understanding Estupro

The crime of estupro usually describes cases in which an adult has sexual relations with a minor above the legal age of consent by means of seduction or deceit. This discriminatory law mislabels rape and contributes to impunity for rapists as it ignores the ...

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Consent-based Rape Definitions

Definitions of rape need to be based on voluntary, genuine, and willing consent and recognize a broad range of coercive circumstances where consent cannot be voluntary, genuine, or willing and where the victim is incapable of giving consent. Concerningly, ...

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Togo UPR Submission 2021

This submission focuses on gender discrimination in the Togolese Nationality Code and the lack of safeguards to ensure a child’s right to a nationality and the prevention of statelessness. Submitted by Association Question des Femmes, Rencontre Africaine ...

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Canada CAT Submission 2021

Our joint submission details our concerns about the continued prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Canada and the failure of the Canadian government to take concrete and effective action to end FGM/C in Canada and provide support for ...

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Tajikistan UPR Submission 2021

During the previous UPR cycle, Tajikistan received 29 recommendations to strengthen and improve measures regarding women’s rights protection. From these recommendations, twelve of them related to preventing and eliminating violence against women, five of ...

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Russia CAT Submission 2021

Our joint submission details our concerns with regard to laws related to rape and other forms of sexual violence and procedures and practices which effectively deny access to justice for survivors of sexual violence. Russia’s legal system continues to ...

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UK Women and Girls Manifesto 2019

The upcoming UK General Election offers an opportunity for all political parties to explicitly support equality for women. Women’s lives have changed significantly in the last 50 years but there is still lots of work to ...

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SOAWR Strategic Plan 2020-2024

For more than a decade and a half, the Solidarity for African Women’s Rights (SOAWR) Coalition has remained an indefatigable and resolute force for gender equality, calling upon African governments to adopt, ratify, domesticate and ...

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Free Saudi Activists Coalition: Advocacy Report

The 15th of May 2020 marks two years since the beginning of a campaign of arrests of Saudi Women’s Human Rights Defenders. Since May 2018 the Free Saudi Activists Coalition has been advocating for the release of women human rights defenders (WHRDs) who were ...

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FGM in the Asia Pacific Region in detail

AUSTRALIA Indirect estimates indicate that there are 53,088 survivors of FGM/C living in Australia. BRUNEI DARUSSALAM The Government of Brunei has confirmed that Type I FGM/C is practiced in the country. Though no specific prevalence rates are available, ...

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FGM in the Middle East in detail

BAHRAIN – There is anecdotal evidence of FGM/C occurring in Bahrain, but the evidence available is scarce.  IRAN – FGM/C in Iran is known to be concentrated among the Kurdish community and the Sunni minority communities in Iran, largely in ...

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FGM in Europe in detail

AUSTRIA – Indirect estimates indicate 7,036 women and girls who have undergone FGM/C.  BELGIUM –  Indirect estimates indicate 17,575 women and girls who have undergone FGM/C, with a further 8,342 at risk.  BULGARIA – Indirect ...

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Words and Deeds: Beijing+25 Report

The 4th UN Conference on Women in 1995 was the birth of The Beijing Platform for Action, the most progressive blueprint ever for advancing women’s rights. Governments around the world pledged to change or remove their existing unfair laws and make legal ...

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Manifesto to end FGM in the UK by 2030

This manifesto, calling for FGM to be eradicated worldwide by 2030, was delivered to the UK Prime Minister to mark the International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM 2020 by ACTION: FGM, a coalition of FGM survivors, medical professionals, academics, ...

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Egypt UPR Submission 2019

This submission details our concerns regarding Egypt’s treatment of Women Human Rights Defenders, discriminatory provisions of the nationality law, and the need for a law on violence against women. We make key recommendations for action by the government of ...

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Liberia Human Rights Committee Submission 2018

The submission, based on consultation with Equality Now’s partners in Liberia including Women Solidarity Incorporated (WOSI) and the Association of Female Sociologists of Liberia (LAFSO), focuses on continued violations against women and girls, ...

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Bahrain CCPR Submission 2018

This submission deals with our concerns, as previously raised in our submission for the Adoption of the List of Issues for Bahrain at its 121st session, regarding the perpetuation of sex-based discrimination against women under the law in Bahrain. The ...

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Paraguay CEDAW Submission 2017

This submission deals with Paraguay’s obligation to address its high prevalence of sexual violence and forced pregnancy against young and adolescent girls under the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (“CEDAW”). ...

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The World’s Shame: The Global Rape Epidemic

Around the world, rape and sexual abuse are everyday violent occurrences — affecting close to a billion women and girls over their lifetimes. However, despite the pervasiveness of these crimes, laws are insufficient, inconsistent, not systematically ...

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2016 Violence Against Girls: Summit on FGM/C report

In December 2016, Equality Now, Safe Hands for Girls, The United States Institute of Peace, and the US Network to End FGM/C came together to host the first-ever End Violence Against Girls: Summit on FGM/C in the US, with generous support from the Human ...

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Learning From Cases of Girls’ Rights

Representing the knowledge gained from cases undertaken as part of Equality Now’s Adolescent Girls’ Legal Defense Fund (AGLDF), this report identifies and addresses the common obstacles faced by adolescent girls in their pursuit of justice. Since its ...

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Prevalence of FGM in England and Wales

This report contains estimates of the numbers of women with female genital mutilation (FGM) living in England and Wales, the numbers of women with FGM giving birth, and the numbers of girls born to women with FGM. Headline figures for England and Wales as a ...

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Trafficking Survivor Stories

To draw international attention to the experiences, needs, and demands of women and girls who have faced commercial sexual exploitation firsthand, and to call on policymakers and top officials to enact policies and laws that take survivors’ voices and ...

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