Russia - Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 and Labor Code - Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 - Equality Now
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Russia - Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 and Labor Code - Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001

Article 253 of Russia’s Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 and Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 automatically bar women from being employed in 456 types of work.

  • Country: Russia
  • Law status: Discriminatory law in force
  • Law Type: Employment

Sex discrimination in economic status laws restricts women from being economically independent, limiting access to inheritance and property ownership as well as employment opportunities, thereby reinforcing gender stereotypes and roles.

Article 253 of Russia’s Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 and Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 automatically bar women from being employed in 456 types of work. Order No. 512H of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of July 18, 2019, which will enter into force on 1 January 2021 will liberalize this list, but there will still be 100 types of works and positions which women may not engage in.

These laws limit women’s access to employment opportunities and reinforce gender stereotypes. 

Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000

List of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions in which the employment of women is prohibited.

Order No. 512H of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of July 18, 2019

List of productions, works and positions with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions, on which the use of women’s labor is limited.

Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001:

Article 253. Labor of females on hard, dangerous and/or unhealthy trades as well as underground working excluding non-physical work or sanitary and domestic services is forbidden. Labor of females on the work related to manual lifting of weights exceeding maximum permissible standards [is forbidden]. The lists of industries, professions, and jobs with unhealthy and/or dangerous work conditions with restricted female labor as well as maximum permissible weights for manual lifting and handling by females are approved in the procedure fixed by the Government of Russian Federation taking into account opinion of the Russian Trilateral Committee on Social and Labor Relations.

Link to full law

 

Note:

Resolution No. 162 lists 456 types of work women may not engage in. In July 2019, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection passed Order 512H referred to above, which has liberalized the list - there will still be 100 types of works and positions which women may not engage in, including in the production or use of yellow phosphorus, to drive self-propelled vehicles in open-cast mining, or to prepare brown mud manually.  The list will enter into force on January 1, 2021.

Article 19 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation: (1) All people shall be equal before the law and court. (2) The State shall guarantee the equality of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, religion, convictions, membership of public associations, and also of other circumstances . . . (3) Man and woman shall enjoy equal rights and freedoms and have equal possibilities to exercise them.

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