Russia - Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 and Labor Code - Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001
Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 and Labor Code - Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001
- Country: Russia
- Law status: Discriminatory law in force
- Law Type: Employment
Article 253 of Russia’s Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 and Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 automatically bar women from being employed in 456 types of work.
Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000
List of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions in which the employment of women is prohibited.
Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001:
Article 253. Labor of females on hard, dangerous and/or unhealthy trades as well as underground working excluding non-physical work or sanitary and domestic services is forbidden. Labor of females on the work related to manual lifting of weights exceeding maximum permissible standards [is forbidden]. The lists of industries, professions, and jobs with unhealthy and/or dangerous work conditions with restricted female labor as well as maximum permissible weights for manual lifting and handling by females are approved in the procedure fixed by the Government of Russian Federation taking into account opinion of the Russian Trilateral Committee on Social and Labor Relations.
Resolution No. 162 lists 456 types of work women may not engage in, including driving trains; operating bulldozers, tractors and trucks; carpenting; plumbing in sewage systems; cutting and cleaning leather materials in leather production; steelmaking; building and repairing ships; inspecting watercrafts in the fishing industry; frontline firefighting; and working as a professional sailor and aircraft and ship mechanic.
Article 19 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation: (1) All people shall be equal before the law and court. (2) The State shall guarantee the equality of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, religion, convictions, membership of public associations, and also of other circumstances . . . (3) Man and woman shall enjoy equal rights and freedoms and have equal possibilities to exercise them.
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