FGM/C: A Global Picture
We are aware of at least 92 countries* across the globe where there is currently available evidence of women and girls living with FGM/C or who are at risk of having FGM/C performed on them.
Laws Against FGM/C: A Global Picture
Of the 92 countries where FGM/C is practiced 51 countries have specifically prohibited FGM/C under their national laws, either through a specific anti-FGM/C law or by prohibiting FGM/C under a criminal provision in other domestic laws such as the criminal or penal code, child protection laws, violence against women laws or domestic violence laws.
- Laws against FGM/C are most common in the African continent with 55% of total laws globally coming from the 28 countries in Africa that have enacted specific laws or specific legal provisions against FGM/C.
- Apart from the African continent, 41% of total laws against FGM/C are of countries where FGM/C is most commonly practiced by diaspora communities, with 16 European countries, the U.S., Canada, Australia, and New Zealand all having specific laws or legal provisions against FGM/C. Georgia has also recently passed a law against FGM/C**.
- In contrast, in the Middle East, only Iraq (Kurdistan) and Oman have specific laws or legal provisions banning FGM/C.***
- In Asia, not a single country has enacted a specific legal prohibition against FGM/C.****
- There are also no specific laws or legal provisions against FGM/C in Latin America.
* This information is correct up to January 2020. Read the full list of countries here.
** In Georgia, FGM/C is commonly practiced by non-diaspora communities.
*** Egyptian law also specifically prohibits FGM/C. However, Egypt has been included as part of Africa as opposed to the Middle East for the purposes of this report.
**** Cyprus and Georgia have passed specific prohibitions against FGM/C. Though Cyprus and Georgia are sometimes considered part of Asia, they are included within the European continent for the purposes of this report as Cyprus is a member of the EU and Georgia is a State Party to the Council.