Skip to main content

Russia – Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 and Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001

Article 253 of Russia’s Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 and Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 automatically bar women from being employed in 456 types of work.

  • Country: Russia
  • Law status: Discriminatory law in force
  • Law Type: Employment

Sex discrimination in economic status laws restricts women from being economically independent, limiting access to inheritance and property ownership as well as employment opportunities, thereby reinforcing gender stereotypes and roles.

Article 253 of Russia’s Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 and Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 automatically bar women from being employed in 456 types of work. Order No. 512H of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of July 18, 2019, which will enter into force on 1 January 2021 will liberalize this list, but there will still be 100 types of works and positions which women may not engage in.

These laws limit women’s access to employment opportunities and reinforce gender stereotypes. 

Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000

List of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions in which the employment of women is prohibited.

Order No. 512H of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Russian Federation of July 18, 2019

List of productions, works and positions with harmful and (or) dangerous working conditions, on which the use of women’s labor is limited.

Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001:

Article 253. Labor of females on hard, dangerous and/or unhealthy trades as well as underground working excluding non-physical work or sanitary and domestic services is forbidden. Labor of females on the work related to manual lifting of weights exceeding maximum permissible standards [is forbidden]. The lists of industries, professions, and jobs with unhealthy and/or dangerous work conditions with restricted female labor as well as maximum permissible weights for manual lifting and handling by females are approved in the procedure fixed by the Government of Russian Federation taking into account opinion of the Russian Trilateral Committee on Social and Labor Relations.

Explore Russia’s full law

SHARE THIS:

news and insights

Public Voices Fellowship on Advancing the Rights of Women and Girls

There is a global war on women and it is thousands of years old. Into this context, we are projecting a vision and strategy f...

READ MORE