Article 4. A person shall be deemed a Bahraini national in the following cases:
A. If he/she was born in Bahrain or abroad and the father, at the time of the birth, was a Bahraini national.
B. If he/she was born in Bahrain or abroad and the mother, at the time of birth, was a Bahraini national, providing that the father was either unknown or paternity was not legally proven.
Article 4 of Bahrain’s Decree Law No. 12 amending the Bahraini Citizenship Act of 1963 allows Bahraini mothers to only pass on their citizenship to their children under certain conditions not applicable to Bahraini fathers.
Article 18 of the Constitution of Bahrain: People are equal in human dignity, and citizens are equal before the law in public rights and duties. There shall be no discrimination among them on the basis of sex, origin, language, religion or creed.