|"FGM is recognized internationally as a violation of the human rights of girls and women. It reflects deep-rooted inequality between the sexes, and constitutes an extreme form of discrimination against women. The practice violates a person's rights to health, security and physical integrity, the right to be free from torture and cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and the right to life when the procedure results in death." --World Health Organization||
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>> KENYA: Protect girls by enforcing FGM and child marriage laws 
Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a harmful traditional practice that involves the partial or total removal of the female genitalia. It is estimated that between 100 and 140 million girls and women around the world have undergone genital mutilation. FGM ranges from the partial or total removal of the clitoris (clitoridectomy), to the removal of the entire clitoris and the cutting of the labia minora (excision), to its most extreme form, the removal of all external genitalia and the stitching together of the two sides of the vulva (infibulation).
FGM is generally done without anaesthetic, and can have lifelong health consequences including chronic infection, severe pain during urination, menstruation, sexual intercourse, and childbirth, and psychological trauma. No one knows how many girls die from FGM.
Grassroots organizations in FGM practicing countries are working hard within their communities to eradicate this practice. Equality Now supports the work of grassroots groups to end FGM and in particular focuses on the enactment and effective implementation of legislation against FGM in relevant countries.
Equality Now commends the 26 November 2012 adoption of a resolution  (Res L21 revision 1) on female genital mutilation (FGM) by the UN General Assembly’s human rights committee. Led by African countries and adopted by consensus, the resolution calls upon States to implement laws eliminating FGM among several other recommendations. Backed by 110 sponsors, the UN General Assembly Plenary passed the resolution in December 2012. This represents the first time the General Assembly has agreed to include the elimination of FGM on its agenda.
|Campaign for a Law Against FGM
in Mali 2009
>> Eliminating FGM in the UK: The Way Forward 
>> Africa Rising, a documentary film produced by Equality Now about the grassroots movement to end FGM 
>> Campaign calling on the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to revoke its 2010 policy statement on female genital mutilation 
For information about past and completed campaigns in this program area, please see the actions archive .
For additional resources on FGM, please click here .