Equality Now Condemns Mass Mutilations And Urges Tanzanian Authorities To Take Immediate Action To Protect Girls And Hold Perpetrators Accountable
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
8 December 2010
Lakshmi Anantnarayan, +1 212 586 0906, email@example.com
Tarime District, Tanzania – The government of Tanzania passed a law prohibiting FGM in 1998 and yet reports indicate that this holiday season about 250 girls have already been cut and over 5000 girls are at risk of being genitally mutilated in Tarime district of Tanzania’s Mara Region alone. Faiza Jama Mohamed, Nairobi Office Director of international human rights organization Equality Now asks, “What is the use of having a law against FGM if the government has no plans to implement it?” Despite being aware of the preparations undertaken by communities to conduct mass mutilations, the police in Tarime have failed to prevent the mutilations. There have also been no known arrests of any perpetrators related to the cases of the girls who have already been subjected to FGM. It is estimated that over 150 girls have fled for fear of being genitally mutilated and are currently housed in local shelters. “It is a public health and human rights crisis that the Tanzanian government is reluctant to address,” continued Ms. Mohamed.
In Tanzania, FGM is practiced by specific ethnic groups in Dodoma, Singida, Arusha, Kilimanjaro and Mara regions. Although the FGM national prevalence rate in Tanzania is 14.6%, it is very high in the regions where it is practiced. This includes Tarime district which has a particularly high rate of FGM when compared to others. According to a 2002 survey conducted by Tanzanian partner organization, Legal and Human Rights Center (LHRC), FGM is openly and defiantly practiced in Tarime with a prevalence rate of about 85% among the rural female population in the region. The practice is performed on cohorts of girls in ceremonies that take place at least every two years in almost the entire district. Many girls in this community drop out of school and are married off after undergoing FGM. LHRC fears that every day between November 2010 and January 2011, around 100 girls may be at risk of genital mutilation in the region.
The government of Tanzania prohibits the practice of FGM under its Sexual Offences Special Provision Act 1998. The law provides that anyone having custody, charge or care of a girl under eighteen years of age who causes her to undergo FGM commits the offense of cruelty to children. Yet, only a handful of cases have reached the courts in recent years and the police are reluctant to arrest and prosecute the perpetrators. Although a number of police stations house units to specifically address gender-based violence, including enforcement of the anti-FGM law, the police continue to fail to protect women and girls from FGM.
While the anti-FGM law itself does not address prevention of FGM, Tanzania is a party to the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa which mandates member states to protect women and girls at risk of being subjected to harmful practices or all other forms of violence, abuse and intolerance. In addition, the government, including the police bears the responsibility to protect girls from FGM and to prevent people from breaking the law. Section 5 of the Police Force Ordinance Cap.322 mandates that the Tanzanian police “shall be employed to detect and prevent crime and apprehend the perpetrators,” While it is common knowledge that the communities practice mass ceremonies of FGM every two years, there has been no attempt by the statutory and law enforcement agencies to educate the communities against FGM and to impress on them the illegality of the practice, despite the decades-long efforts of local organizations dedicated to reach these goals.
Adds Ms. Mohamed, “There is still time to save girls from FGM. Tanzanian authorities must take strong and immediate action in Tarime against the perpetrators and prevent further incidences from taking place. They need to send parents and circumcisers a loud and clear message that such blatant disregard for the law will not be tolerated.” Tanzania has an obligation to safeguard the rights of its women and girls.