Irán: Llamamiento al Gobierno de Irán para que suspenda la ejecución inmediata de Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani

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Fecha: 
28 Jun 2010
Fecha de actualización: 
2 Jul 2012
ACTUALIZACIÓN: 

Update 29 September 2010: Equality Now calls on the Government of Iran to commute Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani’s death sentence.

Equality Now is deeply concerned about the news stating that Iran has sentenced Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani to death by hanging for the murder of her husband and condemns the lack of due legal process in her case.

Iran’s National Prosecutor General Gholam-Hossein Mohseni-Ejei is reported to have stated that “according to the court’s ruling, she is convicted of murder and her death sentence has priority over her punishment (for committing adultery)”. Contradicting this account however, Iran’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Ramin Mehmanparast is reported to have said that a decision has still not been made and the court is considering both the adultery and murder charge against Ms. Mohammadi-Ashtiani.

In May 2006, Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani was sentenced to 99 lashes for allegedly having “illicit relations” with two men and a prison term for being an accessory to her husband’s murder. In September 2006, the Sixth Branch of the Penal Court of East Azerbaijan Province, despite having no new evidence and despite a “double jeopardy” provision in Iranian law that prohibits the State from trying a person for an offence for which she has already been acquitted or convicted, sentenced Ms. Mohammadi-Ashtiani to stoning to death for adultery.

Following international outcry, Ms. Mohammadi-Ashtiani’s stoning was halted. However, Iranian authorities seem determined to have her executed without any regard for Iranian law or international legal standards. To this end, they appear to be illegally resurrecting the murder charge so that Ms. Mohammadi-Ashtiani can be put to death by the State by any means possible.

TAKE ACTION! Equality Now calls upon the Iranian government to rescind Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani's death sentence. We urge the government to commute all sentences of death by stoning and the prohibition by law of all cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments, such as flogging and stoning in accordance with Iran’s obligations under the ICCPR. We also urge the officials to initiate a comprehensive review of the Civil and Penal Codes of Iran to remove all provisions that discriminate against, or have a discriminatory impact on, women, including those regarding adultery and fornication, in accordance with Iran’s constitutional provision for equality before the law.

Please contact officials below calling for the commutation of Sakineh’s death sentence.

Update 13 August 2010: Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani’s lawyer Mr. Mohammad Mostafaei has been granted asylum in Norway after fleeing Iran. It has also been reported that Mr. Mostafaei’s wife and brother-in-law have been released from prison. Equality Now welcomes news of their release and that Mr. Mostafaei is safe from harassment, however we remain concerned about the welfare of Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani who remains under threat of execution. Please continue to write to officials below to call for her immediate release.

Update 26 July 2010: Equality Now calls on Iranian authorities to rescind the arrest warrant issued against Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani’s lawyer and to immediately and unconditionally release all members of his family held in custody.

Equality Now condemns the harassment of Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani’s lawyer Mr Mohammad Mostafaei by Iranian authorities. Mr Mostafaei was summoned for questioning by the Iranian government authorities. He has been asked to attend for another round of interrogation and the information we have received is that an arrest warrant has also been issued in his name allegedly for fraud and corruption. Mr Mostafaei has now disappeared, we believe due to fear of being arrested and imprisoned. It is our understanding that authorities have arrested Mr Mostafaei’s wife and brother-in-law in order to force him to come forward. His current whereabouts are unknown and it is possible he might already be in custody.

Equality Now is deeply concerned about the serious and persistent threats to human rights defenders in Iran. Please call on the authorities listed below to immediately and unconditionally release of all Mr Mostafaei’s family members held in custody, rescind any arrest warrant issued against Mr Mostafaei and allow Mr Mostafaei to carry out his legitimate duties without interference. Please also continue to call for Sakineh’s immediate release as she remains under threat of execution.

Update 9 July 2010: Equality Now welcomes the announcement from the Iranian Embassy in London that Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani will no longer be stoned to death. However, we remain concerned for Ms Mohammadi-Ashtiani as her death sentence has not been commuted and her fate is unknown. Please continue to write to the authorities below calling on them to commute Ms Mohammadi-Ashtiani's death sentence, to commute all sentences of death by stoning, to prohibit by law all cruel, inhuman and degrading punishments and to remove all provisions that discriminate against, or have a discriminatory impact on, women, including those regarding adultery and fornication, in accordance with Iran’s own constitutional provision for equality before the law.

 

Sakineh Mohammadi-AshtianiALERTA URGENTE: IRÁN
junio de 2010

Llamamiento al Gobierno de Irán para que suspenda la ejecución inmediata de Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani sentenciada a muerte por lapidación

Igualdad Ya está profundamente preocupada por la suerte de Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani, una mujer iraní sentenciada a muerte por lapidación por adulterio.

La información recibida por Igualdad Ya sugiere que la Sra. Mohammadi-Ashtiani ha sido sentenciada a muerte por lapidación por cometer adulterio con dos hombres. El veredicto es final y podría implementarse en cualquier momento según nos informan fuentes creíbles. Se dice que la Sra. Mohammadi-Ashtiani ha transcurrido los últimos cinco años encarcelada en Tabriz. Fue sentenciada inicialmente a 99 latigazos el 15 de marzo de 2006 por un tribunal en la ciudad de Osku en la provincia de Azerbaiyán Oriental en el noroeste iraní por el delito menor de tener "relaciones ilícitas" con los dos hombres, en otras palabras, por una conducta que no constituye relación sexual. Sin embargo, el 10 de septiembre de 2006 su caso fue considerado nuevamente por un tribunal diferente, la Sexta División del Tribunal Penal de la Provincia de Azerbaiyán Oriental, donde se elevó el cargo de adulterio en su contra.

Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani negó el cargo y, según los conocimientos del caso que tiene Igualdad Ya, no se admitieron pruebas relevantes en su contra. Fue condenada solamente en base a la opinión del juez de que ella había cometido adulterio y fue sentenciada a morir lapidada.

¡TOME MEDIDAS!

La ley iraní prohíbe presentar un segundo cargo por el mismo delito por el cual ya se haya condenado a una persona. En este caso Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani ya fue latigada por el delito de tener relaciones ilícitas. Se nos ha informado que dos de los cinco abogados designados por el tribunal declararon que en su opinión no existían pruebas legales para el cargo de adulterio.

El apedreamiento hasta la muerte viola el Pacto Internacional de Derechos Civiles y Políticos ("ICCPR" por sus siglas en inglés), al cual Irán es un Estado Parte. El ICCPR prohíbe claramente la tortura, y todo tratamiento y castigo cruel, inhumano o degradante. También limita la imposición de la pena de muerte sólo "por los más graves delitos". La Comisión de las Naciones Unidas de Derechos Humanos y el Comité de Derechos Humanos han determinado que una amplia gama de transgresiones específicas caen fuera del alcance de los "más graves delitos" por los que pueda imponerse la pena de muerte, y esto incluye el adulterio. Igualdad Ya se opone a la penalización de las acciones privadas y consensuales de personas mayores de edad.

Qué puede hacer: 

Por favor escriba a los funcionarios iraníes indicados abajo pidiendo la liberación inmediata de Sakineh Mohammadi-Ashtiani, la conmutación de todas las sentencias de muerte por lapidación y la prohibición por ley de todos los castigos crueles, inhumanos y degradantes, tales como azotar y lapidar, de conformidad con las obligaciones de Irán en virtud del ICCPR. También inste a los funcionarios a iniciar una revisión exhaustiva de los Códigos Civil y Penal de Irán a fin de eliminar todas las disposiciones que discriminan, o tienen un impacto discriminatorio en contra de las mujeres, incluidos los relacionados con adulterio y fornicación, de conformidad con la propia disposición constitucional de Irán que establece la igualdad ante la ley. ¡TOME MEDIDAS!

Su Excelencia Ayatollah Sadeq Larijani
Head of the Judiciary
Vali Asr Avenue, above the intersection Pasteur,
Azizi Street 2, No. 4,
Office of Public Relations and Judicial Procedures
Tehran
Irán
Correo electrónico: info@dadiran.ir

Igualdad Ya enviará cartas a los funcionarios iraníes de parte de cualquier persona que no quiere incluir sus datos personales. Por favor envíe cartas de eso tipo a info@equalitynow.org.

Contacte también a la embajada iraní de su país. El siguiente enlace puede ayudarle a encontrar la información de contacto: http://embassy-finder.com/es/iran_embassies

Modelo de carta