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Equality Now Fact Sheet, pdf, 736KB, 2 pages.


Words and Deeds: Holding Governments Accountable in the Beijing+20 Review Process
Published: January 2015. Format: pdf, 5.5MB. 43 pages
Currently available in English, French and Spanish. Arabic in progress.
The fourth edition report of Equality Now’s ongoing global advocacy campaign to hold governments accountable to the pledge made at the historic UN 4th World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995) to end sex discrimination in the law. At the conference 189 governments agreed on a comprehensive roadmap – the Beijing Platform for Action – to advance women’s rights and achieve gender equality. In this Beijing+20 edition of our report, and in the previous editions, a geographic sampling of explicitly sex discriminatory laws relating to marital status, personal status, economic status and in addressing violence against women are highlighted to plainly show the unequal treatment of women and girls in the law. Contact information for the applicable heads of state is also given to allow people to call on them to amend or repeal the law. More than half of the laws highlighted in our 199, 2004 and 2010 reports have been fully or partially repealed or amended.

Protecting the Girl Child: Using the Law to End Child, Early and Forced Marriage and Related Human Rights Violations
Published: January 2014. Format: pdf, 5.5MB. 56 pages
Currently available in English only.
Building on the body of Equality Now’s work for the protection of girls’ and women’s rights, this report illustrates the impact of child marriage through 11 case studies and includes an analysis of the laws and issues surrounding child marriage from 18 countries. The report was written in conjunction with pro bono support from TrustLaw Connect and carried out by law firm Latham & Watkins, in collaboration with AQLAAL Advocates (Pakistan), Ashurst Australia (Papua New Guinea), Bafakih & Nassief Lawyers and Legal Consultants (Saudi Arabia), Dr. Kamal Hossain & Associates (Bangladesh), Kirthi Jayakumar (India), MMAKS Advocates (Uganda), P&A Asia (Cambodia), Tilleke & Gibbins (Thailand) and Webber Wentzel (Swaziland).
Additional Resources: Trust Law Connect Legal Studies Annex  & UN Committee Recommendations on Minimum Age of Marriage Laws.

Journey to Equality: 10 Years of the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa
Published: August 2013. Format: pdf, 3.1 MB. 162 pages.
Available in English.
Journey to Equality commemorates the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the landmark treaty, the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa, in Maputo, Mozambique. The book is a join initiative of the Solidarity for African Women's Rights Coalition (SOAWR), of which Equality Now serves as Secretariat, The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights and Make Every Woman Count.

The State We're In: Ending Sexism in Nationality Laws
Published: (Revised January 2016.) January 2013. Format: pdf, 2.9 MB. 105 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Equality Now’s report, which has been sent to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, documents a wide range of harmful consequences and calls on governments to remove all discrimination against women in passing on their nationality to their husbands and children. It highlights those countries where women do not have the same rights as men to convey their nationality, engendering much hardship for the families concerned. (For updates to this report, click here.)

The Impact of Discrimination in Law and Legal Processes on Women and Girls – Some Case Examples
Published: October 2012. Format: pdf, 248 KB. 12 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Submitted to the UN Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and practice, this paper presents recommendations on new legislation or improved implementation of existing legislation to remove barriers to justice. Using case studies drawn from 20 years of work with grassroots organizations, the submission illustrates the harm done where there is no a law in place to protect the rights of women and girls; where there are explicitly discriminatory laws in place; and where there is a good law but implementation is poor or inadequate.

A Guide to Using the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa for Legal Action
Published: July 2011. Format: pdf, 4.79MB. 176 pages.
Available in English and French. Portuguese and Arabic translations pending.
This Guide provides step-by-step guidance for using the Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa at local, national, and regional levels. It explains how to bring women’s rights abuses that violate the Protocol before domestic courts and regional justice mechanisms like the African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights; analyzes key cases related to women’s rights decided by the African Commission; and provides general strategies for activists.

A Quick Guide to Reporting Human Rights Violations to the United Nations and the African Commission
Published: July 2011. Format: pdf, 385KB. 2 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
This pocket guide outlines the most common ways that NGO’s can bring human rights violations to the attention of the United Nations and regional bodies.  If further assistance is needed with the reporting system or specific technical assistance, feel free to contact Equality Now at

Working Group Report on Discrimination in Law
Published: May 2011. Format: pdf, 4.58MB. 329 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
This report draws from the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW).  Since 2005, this committee has referenced discrimination against women in law in 137 countries.

Words and Deeds: Holding Governments Accountable in the Beijing +15 Review Process
Published: February 2010. Format: pdf, 345KB. 32 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
In conjunction with the UN General Assembly’s five-year reviews of the implementation of the Beijing Platform for Action, Equality Now has issued regular reports tracking a representative sampling of explicitly discriminatory laws around the world. 


Jurisprudence on Sexual Offences & Proposals to Close the Gaps for the Prosecution of Rape in the Sudan
Published: 2014. Format: pdf, 1.67MB 28 pages.
Available in English and Arabic
This report complements Equality Now and partner advocacy in Sudan aimed at getting clarity and guidance in the law to address discriminatory legislation on rape and sexual violence, particularly provisions of the 1991 Sudanese Criminal Code (section 149) which are resulting in women and girls being re-victimized and punished for crimes committed against them. Produced in conjunction with women's rights activist Dr. Muna Eltayeb M. Eltayeb, and with the support of NEPAD Spanish Fund for African Women’s Empowerment, the report includes a contextual analysis of rape laws in Sudan and highlights actual cases and trends that underscore the detrimental effect of discriminatory laws and Sudan's failures to meet international and regional obligations. Note: In April 2015, the Sudanese government amended its Criminal Code. Article 149 now includes a rape definition meeting international standards, and Article 151 now includes a new element criminalizing sexual harassment.

U.S. Military Sexual Assault Fact Sheet
Published: May 2016. Format: pdf, 269KB. 2 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French and Arabic

Learning From Cases of Girls' Rights
Published: February 2012. (Revised August 2013) Format: pdf, 4.2MB. 48 pages
Currently available in English only.
Representing the knowledge gained from cases undertaken as part of Equality Now’s Adolescent Girls’ Legal Defense Fund (AGLDF), this report identifies and addresses the common obstacles faced by adolescent girls in their pursuit of justice. Since its inception in 2008, the AGLDF has taken up nine cases involving various forms of sexual violence, the most common abuse suffered by girls, in seven countries. This paper consolidates and aggregates the lessons learned from these cases in our effort to establish legal precedents to prevent and better address future violations of girls’ rights.

A Struggle for Justice: Incest Victims in Pakistan Report
Published: January 2012. Format: pdf, 458KB. 18 pages.
Available in English and Urdu.
War Against Rape, Lahore (WAR Lahore), Nasreen Welfare Trust Legal Aid Services (NWT) and Equality Now pro-actively undertook a preliminary study on the subject of incest in Pakistan prompted by the case of a 15-year-old survivor “Mariam" and due to a lack of data on the subject. This report highlights the obstacles incest survivors face in accessing justice and provides solutions based on best practices from other countries. The goal of the report is to advocate for reform of sexual violence laws, especially as relates to incest, and procedures to guarantee that the dignity and rights of victims are safeguarded by the system and to ensure better implementation of laws through capacity building of relevant legal, forensic and law enforcement personnel. 


Know the Facts: What is Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

Infographic: The global movement to end FGM

Female Genital Mutilation In The U.S. Fact Sheet
(Updated February 2016.) Published: June 2011. Format: pdf, 454KB. 6 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.
Download infographic

Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in England and Wales: National and local estimates
Published: July 2015. Format: pdf, 554KB. 32 pages.
Available in English.

Tackling FGM in the UK: Intercollegiate recommendations for identifying, recording and reporting
Published: November 2013. Format: pdf, 5.7MB. 30 pages.
Available in English only.
The recommendations contained in this report from the Intercollegiate Group (Equality Now, Royal Colleges of Midwives, Nursing and Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and UNITE) and its partners, demonstrate solidarity to raise awareness of the need to intervene early to prevent FGM in the UK. They call for health and social care agencies, the UK Department for Education and the police to integrate FGM prevention into national and local strategies for safeguarding children from FGM abuse.

Research Methodological Workshop Report: Estimating the prevalence of FGM in England and Wales
Published: June 2012. Format: pdf, 790KB. 39 pages.
Available in English only.
To explore the methodological options for the collection of robust prevalence data on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in England and Wales, Equality Now, collaborated with the Department of Midwifery, City University London; the Elizabeth Garrett Anderson Institute for Women's Health, University College London, and the Foundation for Women’s Health Research and Development (FORWARD), to organize a research methodological workshop on 22-23 March 2012 in London with funding support from the Home Office. This report represents the findings and recommendations from the workshop to be used as a tool to aid in the prevention and elimination of FGM.

Protecting Girls from Undergoing FGM in Kenya and Tanzania
Published: November 2011. Format: pdf, 1.8MB. 40 pages.
Available in English and French.
This booklet explores the challenges and accomplishments of Equality Now partners in Kenya (Tasaru Ntromonok Initiative) and Tanzania (Network Against Female Genital Mutilation) as they work to eliminate the harmful practice of FGM in the Maasai community using a gender and rights-based approach. The booklet was sponsored by the New Field Foundation, whose mission is to contribute to the creation of a peaceful and equitable world by supporting women and their families to overcome poverty, violence and injustice in their communities.

Campaign for a Law Against FGM in Mali in 2009
Published: September 2009. Format: video. 5 minutes.
English only.
A video about FGM in Mali (and across Africa) and Equality Now's campaign for a law prohibiting it.

Africa Rising
Released: 2008. Format: dvd. 62 minutes.
English subtitled.
Africa Rising is a powerful documentary portraying the indomitable grassroots movement to end female genital mutilation. Traveling through remote villages in Burkina Faso, Kenya, Mali, Somalia and Tanzania, Africa Rising celebrates the resilience and determination of the human spirit to change destiny against all odds. Available for purchase in the U.S. through our U.S. distributor, Women Make Movies. Outside the U.S., please contact or

Published: 1997-2010. Format: pdf, 500K-1.6MB, 50-60 pages per issue.
Each issue includes English, French, and Arabic translations.
From 1997-2010, Equality Now published Awaken, a forum for information and discussion to promote a better understanding and a more effective strategy for the eradication of FGM. Each issue was published in English, Arabic and French to promote its accessibility to grassroots groups and individuals in communities where FGM is practiced. Below are archived copies of the newsletter. To request earlier issues, please contact

Volume 14, Issue 1, June 2010, (pdf, 1.2MB)
Volume 13, Issue 2, December 2009, (pdf, 1.6MB)
Volume 13, Issue 1, June 2009, (pdf, 716K)


What is the ‘Nordic Model’?
(Updated March 2015) Published: December 2012. Format: pdf, 76.44KB. 2 pages.
Currently available in English only.

Survivor Stories
Published: August 2014, Format: pdf, 5MB. 56 pages
Available in English only.
To draw international attention to the experiences, needs and demands of women and girls who have faced commercial sexual exploitation firsthand, and to call on policymakers and top officials to enact policies and laws that take survivors’ voices and experiences into account, Equality Now launched “Survivor Stories” in March 2013. The web-based campaign features 18 first hand narratives from survivors of trafficking and commercial sexual exploitation from 12 countries around the world. The narratives document the many forms of exploitation and violence women and girls experience, and follow their evolution from victim to survivor, often highlighting the impact the legal framework had on the survivor. The series, and a broader #ListenToSurvivors media campaign, also highlights survivor and our NGO partners’ critical grassroots work to assist women and girls in the commercial sex industry. The campaign was supported by: The Book Club - based in Los Angeles, CA, this club of seven women is dedicated to creating a kinder more equitable world, Chime for Change founded by GUCCI, and our Catapult project donors. (Note: Additional information provided with the downloadable stories may be slightly altered from the original online version.)

Does Legalizing Prostitution Protect Women and Girls? Findings from countries and states where prostitution is legal
Published: December 2012. Format: pdf, 77.86KB. 3 pages.
Currently available in English only.

Global Sex Trafficking Fact Sheet
(Updated August 2013)Published: August 2011. Format: pdf, 224KB. 2 pages.
Available in English, Spanish, French, and Arabic.

Sex Trafficking and Exploitation
Published: June 2011. Format: video. 8 minutes.
English only.
Activists and sex trafficking survivors speak about the global fight against sex trafficking, including the need for legislation, curbing demand, and ensuring protecting and support for victims.