FGM

Is the End in Sight for Female Genital Mutilation? (National Geographic)

7/26/2013 -- National Geographic -- "Is the End in Sight for Female Genital Mutilation?" National Geographic speaks with Equality Now's Efua Dorkenoo about the struggle to end FGM:

Anti-FGM Rally Held in London (Sky News)

7/20/2013 -- Sky News -- "Female Genital Mutilation: Campaigners' Rally"; Campaigners against the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) rally in Trafalgar Square to highlight the issue of girls being taken abroad to be 'cut' during the summer holidays.

Egypt: Enforce FGM law & prosecute those responsible for Soheir al-Batea’s death

Update: 
Not an update
Date: 
2013 Jul 2

view as pdf

What You Can Do: 

TAKE ACTION NOW! << Click on this link to send all letters below online.

Please join Equality Now and our partners CEWLA and the ECCR in calling on the government of Egypt to live up to its domestic and international obligations by:

  • Effectively enforcing its 2008 FGM law by properly investigating and fully prosecuting violations and in particular ensuring that the doctor who performed the procedure and Soheir’s father are both prosecuted for FGM and manslaughter and punished to the full extent of the law
  • Supporting and enhancing community education to change cultural perception and beliefs on FGM and acknowledging FGM as a human rights violation with harmful consequences
  • Ensuring that health care providers are given comprehensive education and training on the health and human rights implications of FGM and refrain from performing any form of the practice

Letters should go to:

Interim President Adly Mansour
El Etahadiya Presidential Palace
Merghiny St., Heliopolis
Cairo, EGYPT
Fax & Tel.: +202 239 019 980
Twitter: @EgyPresidency

Prime Minister
Magless El Shaàb Street, Al Kasr El Einy
Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 2793 5000
Fax: +202 2795 8048
Email: pm@cabinet.gov.eg

Minister of Justice
Lazoghly Square
Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 279 22263
Fax: +202 279 58103
Email: mjustice@moj.gov.eg

Minister of Health & Population
3 Magless El Shaàb Street, Al Kasr El Einy
Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 2795 1821
Fax: + 202 2795 3966
Email: webmaster@mohp.gov.eg

Letters: 

Dear President/Prime Minister/Minister,

I am writing to express my deep concern about the tragic death of 13-year-old Soheir al-Batea who died after a doctor illegally performed female genital mutilation (FGM) on her at the behest of her father in a clinic in the Daqahliya Governorate, north-east of Cairo. Reportedly, Dr. Raslan Fadl who performed the procedure was interrogated by prosecutors and released on bail pending investigation. Soheir’s death tragically highlights FGM as a violation of the human rights of girls and women with serious health risks regardless of performance inside or outside a medical establishment.

FGM can have lifelong health consequences including chronic infection, severe pain during urination, menstruation, sexual intercourse, and childbirth, and psychological trauma. No one knows how many girls die from FGM due to lack of proper documentation. According to the 2008 Demographic Health Survey in Egypt the prevalence rate of FGM among women and girls aged 15-49 is 91%.

I understand that since 2008, FGM is a criminal offence under the Egyptian penal code. Despite this ban, UNICEF reports that medicalization is on the rise in Egypt with an estimated 72% of procedures being performed by doctors in private clinics. I am deeply concerned at reports that the Ministry of Health is pushing for the police report on Soheir’s case to record the crime as “medical negligence” instead of as FGM and manslaughter. Without strong messages from the government, such as proper implementation of the law and swift punishment for the perpetrators, FGM may become more acceptable in Egypt, with women’s rights increasingly taking a back seat at all levels.

The World Health Organization (WHO), of which Egypt is a Member State, has consistently stated that “under no circumstances should FGM be performed by health professionals or in health establishments.” The World Health Assembly of the WHO passed a resolution in 2008 urging all member states to accelerate work towards the elimination of FGM, to enact and enforce legislation against the practice and to prohibit performance of FGM by any person including medical professionals.

Egypt is party to a number of international and regional human rights treaties that mandate the protection of women and girls from the practice of FGM, including the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT), the Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights. Both the CEDAW Committee and the Committee on the Rights of the Child have exhorted Egypt to end the impunity for perpetrators of FGM and, following Soheir’s death, UNICEF and UNFPA released a joint statement urging “all relevant authorities to exert their outmost efforts to fully enforce the law.”

I would like to urge you to ensure that Egypt lives up to its domestic and international obligations by taking the following steps:

  • Effectively enforcing the 2008 FGM law by properly investigating and fully prosecuting violations and in particular ensuring that the doctor who performed the procedure and Soheir’s father are both prosecuted for FGM and manslaughter and punished to the full extent of the law
  • Supporting and enhancing community education to change cultural perception and beliefs on FGM and acknowledging FGM as a human rights violation with harmful consequences
  • Ensuring that health care providers are given comprehensive education and training on the health and human rights implications of FGM and refrain from performing any form of the practice

I thank you for your attention.

Yours sincerely,

Helpline launched in UK to protect girls from FGM (Guardian)

6/23/2013 -- The Guardian -- "NSPCC launches helpline to protect girls from female genital mutilation"; Efua Dorkenoo, Advocacy Director of FGM Programme, Equality Now:

Lawless Liberia: Legal Failure Renews Global Calls For Female Genital Cut Law (Front Page Africa)

6/3/2013 -- Front Page Africa -- “Lawless Liberia: Legal Failure Renews Global Calls For Female Genital Cut Law”; Advocacy Programme Director-FGM,  Efua Dorkenoo on renewed call for anti-FGM in Liberia and the case of Ruth Berry Peale:

Police reexamine hundreds of FGM cases in a bid to bring the first prosecution in Britain (Independent)

4/7/2013 -- The Independent -- "Police go back over cases of female genital mutilation"

Police and prosecutors are reviewing hundreds of historic cases of female genital mutilation (FGM) in a bid to bring the first prosecution in Britain since the practice was ruled illegal in 1985....

Justice for Ruth Berry Peal, but still no ban on FGM in Liberia (Independent)

4/8/2013 -- The Independent -- "Justice for Ruth Berry Peal, who was forcibly mutilated in Liberia, but still no ban on FGM" Over 58% of women have already undergone FGM in Liberia, where the powerful Sande secret society continues to carry it out on young girls.

Syndicate content