FGM

VIDEO: Equality Now's Faiza Jama Mohamed speaks about our anti-FGM work (Voice of America)

Embedded Video: 

2/11/2014 -- Voice of America -- Equality Now's Faiza Jama Mohamed speaks about our anti-FGM work: "FGM is a human rights violation... Governments must take a leadership role to protect girls from this harmful practice."

FGM inquiry launched to uncover reasons for lack of prosecution in UK (Guardian)

12/18/2013 -- The Guardian -- "FGM inquiry launched to uncover reasons for lack of prosecution in UK" Efua Dorkenoo, head of Equality Now's FGM programme and a long-time campaigner, hailed the news as a significant breakthrough:

Egypt: Enforce FGM law & properly investigate Soheir al-Batea’s death

Update: 
Not an update
Date: 
2013 Dec 10

30 JULY 2014 UPDATE: Lawyers from CEWLA and the National Population Council, and Equality Now’s Suad Abu-Dayyeh attended the 10 July session, during which the judge requested further testimony from the medical examiner, the Inspector of the Ministry of Health and Soheir’s uncle. The trial will resume on 11 September.

What You Can Do: 

TAKE ACTION NOW! << Click on this link to send all letters below online.

Please join Equality Now and our Egyptian partners, the Center for Egyptian Women’s Legal Assistance (CEWLA) and the Egyptian Coalition for Children’s Rights (ECCR) in calling on the government of Egypt to live up to its domestic and international obligations by:

  • Effectively enforcing its FGM law by properly investigating and fully prosecuting violations and in particular ensuring that Soheir’s death is properly investigated including by arranging for medical experts to review the forensic report
  • Ensuring that Dr. Fadl is thoroughly investigated and held accountable for all crimes he is found to have committed
  • Supporting and enhancing community education to change cultural perception and beliefs on FGM and acknowledging FGM as a human rights violation with harmful consequences
  • Ensuring that health care providers are given comprehensive education and training on the health and human rights implications of FGM and refrain from performing any form of the practice

Letters should go to:

Interim President Adly Mansour
El Etahadiya  Presidential Palace
Merghiny St., Heliopolis, Cairo, EGYPT
Fax & Tel.: +202 239 019 980

Prime Minister Ibrahim Mehleb
Magless El Shaàb Street, Al Kasr El Einy, Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 2793 5000
Fax: +202 2795 8048
Email: pm@cabinet.gov.eg

Minister of Justice Mr. Nayer Adel-Monei Othman
Lazoghly Square, Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 279 22263
Fax: +202 279 58103
Email: mjustice@moj.gov.eg

Minister of Health & Population Adel El-Adawi
3 Magless El Shaàb Street, Al Kasr El Einy, Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 2795 1821
Fax: + 202 2795 3966
Email: webmaster@mohp.gov.eg

Attorney General Mr. Hisham Barakat
Attorney General's Office
High Court, 26th of July Street Ambulance Square, Cairo, EGYPT
Tel.: +202 2574 3751-2576 0468
Fax: +202 2577 4716

Letters: 

Dear President/Prime Minister/Minister/Attorney General,

I welcome the decision by the Attorney General to refer Dr. Raslan Fadl and the father of Soheir al-Batea, the 13-year-old who died in June 2013 after Dr. Fadl performed female genital mutilation (FGM) on her, to the criminal court. I believe that this is an important step towards the implementation of the 2008 FGM law and further gives a signal to families and doctors who violate the law that they will be prosecuted and punished.

However, I am concerned about reports that Dr. Fadl appears to still be practicing medicine despite the closure of his clinic by the Ministry of Health during the Attorney General's investigation. I believe that this is a clear violation of the decision of the Attorney General and the Ministry of Health, and I hope that the Attorney General will urgently investigate this matter to prevent any possibility of FGM being performed by Dr. Fadl.

FGM has been a criminal offense under the Egyptian penal code since 2008. Despite this ban, UNICEF reports that medicalization is on the rise in Egypt with an estimated 72% of procedures being performed by doctors in private clinics. Without strong messages from the government, such as proper implementation of the law and swift punishment for the perpetrators, FGM may become more acceptable in Egypt, with women’s rights increasingly taking a back seat at all levels.

The steps you have taken in this case are therefore critical, and I urge you to ensure that Egypt lives up to its domestic and international obligations by also:

  • Supporting and enhancing community education to change cultural perception and beliefs on FGM and acknowledging FGM as a human rights violation with harmful consequences
  • Ensuring that health care providers are given comprehensive education and training on the health and human rights implications of FGM and refrain from performing any form of the practice

I thank you for your attention.

Yours sincerely,

Efua Dorkenoo nominated for Woman of the Year for anti-FGM work (Get West London)

11/12/2013 -- Get West London -- "Genital mutilation campaigner nominated for Woman of the Year" Advocacy Director, FGM Program Efua Dorkenoo has been nominated for a Cosmopolitan Ultimate Woman of the Year Award in recognition for her 30 years of hard work and dedication.

UK hospitals must treat FGM as child abuse (Thomson Reuters)

11/4/2013 -- Thomson Reuters -- "UK hospitals must treat FGM as child abuse - report" Advocacy Director, FGM Program Efua Dorkenoo discusses new report released by the Intercollegiate Group (Equality Now, Royal Colleges of Midwives, Nursing and Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and UNITE) and its partners on tackling FGM in the UK.

Health professionals in the UK must screen for FGM (BBC)

11/3/2013 -- BBC -- "Health professionals must screen for genital mutilation" Advocacy Director, FGM Program Efua Dorkenoo discusses new report released by the Intercollegiate Group (Equality Now, Royal Colleges of Midwives, Nursing and Obstetricians and Gynaecologists and UNITE) and its partners on tackling FGM in the UK.

How schoolgirls in western Kenya are rising up against FGM and child marriage (Thomson Reuters)

10/11/2013 -- Thomson Reuters -- "How schoolgirls in western Kenya are rising up against FGM and child marriage" Nairobi Office Director Faiza Jama Mohamed on our call to action to the Kenyan government and local county governors to protect girls by enforcing FGM and child marriage laws.

Kenya: Protect girls by enforcing FGM and child marriage laws

Update: 
Not an update
Date: 
2013 Oct 10

31 JULY 2014 UPDATE: In the last seven months, Equality Now and our partners have been greatly encouraged by improved efforts to investigate and enforce Kenya’s 2011 Anti-FGM law and by the increased coverage of the issue in the Kenyan press. In April, the Director of Public Prosecutions created a 20 member Anti-FGM prosecution unit to track cases, educate communities about the law and accelerate prosecutions, particularly in high prevalence areas.

What You Can Do: 

TAKE ACTION NOW! << Click on this link to send all letters below online.

Please join Equality Now and our partners WRIP and TNI in calling on the national government of Kenya and the local government in Pokot to take urgent action in accordance with Kenya’s international, regional and domestic obligations to ensure that:

  • Immediate steps are taken to protect, and provide support and shelter to, girls escaping FGM and child marriage and to ensure that at-risk girls are not subjected to FGM at any time and in particular during the school holidays.
  • Laws against FGM and child marriage are effectively implemented with proper investigation and prosecution of violations.
  • All concerned national and local level authorities work together to put into place protective measures within at-risk communities to protect girls from both child marriage and FGM, and to ensure that they are able to continue their education.
  • Awareness-raising and education campaigns are conducted to change cultural perception and beliefs on FGM and child marriage and acknowledging the practices as human rights violations with harmful consequences.

Letters should go to:

H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta
President of the Republic of Kenya
P.O. Box 30040
Nairobi, Kenya
Email: contact@statehousekenya.go.ke or president@statehousekenya.go.ke

H.E. Ms Anne Waiguru        
Cabinet Secretary
Ministry of Devolution and Planning
P. O. Box 30005 - 00100
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: +254 20 2218475
Email: info@devolutionplanning.go.ke

Hon. Prof Githu Muigai., M.P.
Attorney General
Department of Justice, National Cohesion and
Constitutional Affairs
Harambee Avenue
P.O Box 40112-00100
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: +254 20 315105
Email: info@justice.go.ke

H.E. Dr. Richard Belio Kipsang,
Cabinet Secretary
Ministry of Education, Science &Technology
Jogoo House B
Harambee Avenue
P.O. Box 30040
Nairobi, Kenya
Fax: +254 20 214 287

Benjamin C Cheboi
Baringo County Governor
P.O Box 53-30400,
Kabarenet, Kenya
Email: governor@baringocounty.go.ke

Simon Kitalei Kachapin
West-Pokot County Governor
PO Box 1 - 30600,
Kapenguria, Kenya
Email: info@westpokot.go.ke

With a copy to: The Kenya Women Parliamentary Association, Email: info@kewopa.org

Letters: 

Dear President/Minister/Governor,

Following reports of Kenyan girls running away from female genital mutilation (FGM) and child marriage, especially during the August and December holidays in the Pokot region, I am deeply concerned about the Kenyan government’s lack of enforcement of its laws against FGM and child marriage.

The Pokot government needs to work within communities to protect and support girls and enforce laws to make sure violations are adequately addressed.

FGM and child marriage are human rights violations and have a host of negative physical and psychological implications for girls and women. Kenya is a party to the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa which requires State parties to prohibit both FGM and child marriage and to ensure “protection of women who are at risk of being subjected to harmful practices.” Kenya has also ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and both the Committees associated with these treaties have called for an end to FGM and child marriage. The Kenyan constitution as well as Kenyan laws such as the Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Act 2011 and the Children’s Act 2001, ban FGM and child marriage.

I commend the government of Kenya for putting in place legislation on FGM and child marriage and for creating the Anti-FGM Board as important steps toward protecting the rights of Kenyan girls and women. However, despite frequent reports about cases of FGM and child marriage being carried out and girls escaping to avoid these practices, there have been no known investigations or prosecutions to date in the Pokot region, and the government has taken no steps to protect the girls who are running away to avoid being violated. I urge the national government of Kenya and the local government in Pokot to take urgent action in accordance with Kenya’s international, regional and domestic obligations to ensure that:

  • Immediate steps are taken to protect, and provide support and shelter to, girls escaping FGM and child marriage and to ensure that at-risk girls are not subjected to FGM at any time and in particular during the school holidays.
  • Laws against FGM and child marriage are effectively implemented with proper investigation and prosecution of violations.
  • All concerned national and local level authorities work together to put into place protective measures within at-risk communities to protect girls from both child marriage and FGM, and to ensure that they are able to continue their education.
  • Awareness-raising and education campaigns are conducted to change cultural perception and beliefs on FGM and child marriage and to acknowledging them as human rights violations with harmful consequences.

I thank you for your attention.

Yours sincerely,

U.N. pressures Indonesia to stop health workers performing FGM (Thomson Reuters)

8/12/2013 -- Thomson Reuters -- "U.N. pressures Indonesia to stop health workers performing FGM"; Efua Dorkenoo, advocacy director of Equality Now’s FGM programme, on the “medicalisation” of FGM.

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