Russia

Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 and Labor Code - Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001

Article 253 of Russia’s Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001 and Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000 automatically bar women from being employed in 456 types of work.

Resolution No. 162 of 25 February 2000

List of heavy work and work in harmful or dangerous conditions in which the employment of women is prohibited.

Labor Code – Federal Law No. 197-FZ of 2001:

Note: 

Resolution No. 162 lists 456 types of work women may not engage in, including driving trains; operating bulldozers, tractors and trucks; carpenting; plumbing in sewage systems; cutting and cleaning leather materials in leather production; steelmaking; building and repairing ships; inspecting watercrafts in the fishing industry; frontline firefighting; and working as a professional sailor and aircraft and ship mechanic.

Article 19 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation: (1) All people shall be equal before the law and court. (2) The State shall guarantee the equality of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, regardless of sex, race, nationality, language, origin, property and official status, place of residence, religion, convictions, membership of public associations, and also of other circumstances . . . (3) Man and woman shall enjoy equal rights and freedoms and have equal possibilities to exercise them.

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