Mali

Law No. 2011 – 087 of December 30, 2011 Relating to the Code of Persons and Family

Articles 307, 316, 319, 366 and 373 of Mali’s Law No. 2011-087 Relating to the Code of Persons and Family allow polygamy; mandate wife obedience; establish the man as head of the household and give him by law the sole right to determine the family residence; and prohibit women, but not men, from remarrying for at least three months after the dissolution of a marriage by divorce or death.

Article 307. Marriage may be contracted:
- Either under monogamy, in which case a husband cannot contract a second marriage before the dissolution of the first. However, a man who has opted for a monogamous marriage shall have the right to revise his option with the express consent of his wife.
- Or under polygamy, in which case it is necessary that the wife consents and a man shall not be married simultaneously to more than four wives.

Note: 

Article 2 of the Constitution of Mali: All Malians are born and live free and equal in their rights and duties. Any discrimination based on social origin, color, language, race, sex, religion, or political opinion is prohibited.

Contact Information: 

President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
Présidence
BP 1463, Koulouba
Bamako
MALI
Tel: +223 20 70 20 00
Fax: +1 212 472 3778 (Mission to the UN in New York)
Email: malionu@aol.com (Mission to the UN in New York)
Twitter: @PresidenceMali
Facebook: www.facebook.com/pages/Présidence-de-la-République-du-Mali/563531873666309

Mali: Renewed Call for a Law Against Female Genital Mutilation

Update: 
UPDATE
Date: 
2008 Jul 1
Update Date: 
2015 Aug 20
Update: 

20 AUGUST 2015 UPDATE: Fanta Camara, whose case Equality Now took on with our partner AMSOPT in 2004, is now in her early 20s, active in her community and running a successful small business. While we are thrilled that Fanta was able to recover and thrive following the trauma caused by female genital mutilation (FGM), we still need your help to call on Mali to end FGM for the thousands of young girls and women that continue to be affected. A law providing sanctions against people who practice and those who encourage others to undergo FGM is a critical step that is long overdue.

In the 16 years since the Malian Government adopted its first action plan to end FGM, the prevalence of FGM remains high and an anti-FGM law is yet to be enacted. There continues to be a clear lack of political will to pass a law against FGM in Mali to facilitate an end to this human rights violation, and the misconception that FGM is a religious requirement remains. Figures show that FGM remains a widespread practice, a major public health problem and a violation of Malian women and girls’ rights:

In its 2014 action plan, the government set goals including to:  bring FGM down from 69% to 64% for girls of 0-14 years; ensure that at least 95% of identified cases of complications receive the necessary support and; adoption of a law banning FGM by 2018. However, these targets have been a part of the government’s action plan since 2007, which was subsequently revised in 2010 and followed by a push back of the target date for enactment of a law, from 2012 to 2014, with no obvious or effective plan by the government.

Mali has ratified the African Union’s Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa which outlaws all forms of FGM. Following the 2014 global Girls Summit, co-hosted by the UK and UNICEF, the Malian government held a national FGM and child marriage meeting. Among other things, it committed to: “design and implement effective, properly funded policies and clear legislation to end FGM and child marriage forever, and to protect anyone at risk. Where necessary to work with other governments across borders to implement these policies and legislation.” Mali needs to act quickly to fulfil its regional and international commitments on women’s and girls’ rights.

Bringing an end to FGM requires a multi-sectoral approach and long-term commitment by the Government of Mali to introduce a range of measures, including legislative and policy changes, upholding the rights of women and girls to equality, non-discrimination and protection from cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and all forms of violence.  Please join Equality Now, Malian NGOs, including our partners Association Malienne Pour le Suivi et l’Orientation des Pratiques Traditionnelles (AMSOPT) and Promotion des Femmes de Sabalibougou (PROFESAB), in renewing the call on the government to pass a law banning FGM to protect the human rights and health of thousands of women and girls.


 

Fanta CamaraFanta Camara was 5 years old when she was subjected to genital mutilation. In the course of the cutting her urethra was severely damaged, as a consequence of which she became incontinent. She had to drop out of school as other students, who could not bear the smell of her incontinence, made fun of her. In the village she spent her time washing her clothes, which were repeatedly soiled by the ceaseless flow of urine.

What You Can Do: 

Please write to the Malian authorities and urge them to support the introduction and passage of a law against FGM as a matter of urgent priority. Mention the harmful effects of FGM and remind them of Mali’s obligations under international law, particularly the newly-ratified Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa, as well as its own Constitution, to eradicate FGM and to end discrimination against women and girls. Urge them also to take measures and support efforts to educate practicing communities on the harmful effects of FGM. Letters should be addressed to:

H.E. Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta
President
Presidence
BP 1463, Koulouba
Bamako, MALI
Tel: +223 20 70 20 00
Fax: +223 2-22-46-94
@PresidenceMali

H.E.  Mahamadou Diarra
Minister of Justice
BP 97, Quartier du fleuve
Bamako, MALI
Fax: +223 2-23-00-63

H.E. Mme Sangare Oumou Ba
Minister for the Promotion of Women, Children and the Family
BP 2688, Hamdalaye ACI 2000
Rue de l'Obelisque Porte 99
Bamako, MALI
Email: mpfef@mpfef.gov.ml
Fax: +223 2-22-75-24

Women's Action 25.1: July 2004

Letters: 

Dear…

I am gravely concerned about the continuous widespread practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) that is violating the rights of Malian women and girls.  According to the National Anti-FGM Programme, in 2012, over 1,116 girls and women received medical care to treat complications from FGM.

Mali has ratified the African Union’s Protocol on the Rights of Women in Africa which outlaws all forms of FGM. And following the 2014 global Girls’ Summit, the government also committed to developing and implementing effective policies and legislation to end FGM and child marriage and to protect anyone at risk. However, Mali is yet to fulfill its regional and international commitments to protect at risk women and girls.

I join Equality Now, L’Association Malienne Pour le Suivi et l’Orientation des Pratiques Traditionnelles (AMSOPT) and Promotion des Femmes de Sabalibougou (PROFESAB) in calling on the Malian government to take immediate action end FGM, including by enacting a law against the harmful practice.  

Thank you for your urgent attention.

Kind regards,
 

Mali: Calling for a Law Against Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)

Update: 
Not an update
Date: 
2004 Jul 1

Fanta CamaraFanta Camara was 5 years old when she was genitally mutilated. In the course of the mutilation her urethra was damaged as a consequence of which she became incontinent. She is now 12 years old but does not look her age. According to her doctor her growth has been retarded by repeated infections of her genitals. She has had to drop out of school as her fellow pupils, who could not bear the smell of her incontinence, made fun of her.

What You Can Do: 

Please write to the Malian authorities and urge them to support the introduction and passage of a law against FGM as a matter of urgent priority. Mention the harmful effects of FGM and remind them of Mali’s obligations under international law, as well as its own Constitution, to eradicate FGM and to end discrimination against women and girls. Urge them also to take measures and support efforts to educate practicing communities on the harmful effects of FGM. Letters should be addressed to:

H.E. Amadou Toumany Touré
President
BP 1463, Koulouba
Bamako, MALI

H.E. Maharafa Traoré
Minister of Justice
BP 97, Quartier du fleuve
Bamako, MALI

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