Jordan

Jordan moves towards ending discrimination against women and their children in nationality laws (Thomson Reuters)

11/12/2014 -- Thomson Reuters -- "Jordan moves towards ending discrimination against women and their children in nationality laws"

"Nationality laws can be complex, but removing discrimination between men and women is not a complicated concept." - Suad Abu-Dayyeh, Equality Now's Middle East and North Africa Consultant. [read more...]

Global Nationality Review: The Real Human Cost of Discriminatory Laws (HuffPo UK)

1/21/2013 -- Huffington Post UK -- "Global Nationality Review: The Real Human Cost of Discriminatory Laws"; London Office Director Jacqui Hunt discusses our new global report on nationality and citizenship laws, which discriminate on the basis of sex.

Jordan: Give women equal citizenship rights to men

Update: 
Not an update
Date: 
2012 Nov 5
Update: 

TAKE ACTION NOW! << Click on this link to send all letters below online.

UPDATE 8 MAY 2015: Last November, the Jordanian government announced the granting of certain rights, or “privileged services” (Mazaya), to children of Jordanian mothers and foreign fathers, giving great hope to many families. However, the six month timeline for implementation has passed and so far, the rights have largely not been realized. Pledges of free access to public schools and health care, access to jobs, residence permits, driver’s licenses and the permission to own property and invest in business, among other rights, have not been fulfilled. Our partner’s, “My mother is Jordanian and her nationality is a right for me” campaign, has documented many examples:  a mother was unable to get her child free or reduced fee services and medicine at the hospital; the job application of a daughter of a Jordanian mother and foreign father was denied because she lacked Jordanian citizenship; a young man working in a factory was detained by police for over four hours on suspicion of working illegally, despite having an ID; and applying for a driver’s license still requires the approval of the general intelligence department, which is not needed for Jordanian nationals.

Even the promised special identity cards can only be obtained when affected children provide the government with a whole range of often difficult to obtain documents. For example, Hassan, the son of a Jordanian woman married to a Syrian man for more than 50 years, cannot get an ID because he can’t renew his passport because of the political situation in his father’s native Syria. A valid passport is just one of a long list of required documents for the identification certificate, including:

  • his mother’s valid passport;
  • a certified marriage contract between his parents by the court;
  • a certificate to indicate the regular residence of his mother for at least five years in Jordan;
  • his father’s valid residence permit;
  • his own valid residence permit;
  • a copy of his certified birth certificate;
  • a copy of his mother’s ID;
  • and a certificate to indicate the relationship between the mother and her children certified by the Civil Status and Passports Department.

Adding to ongoing difficulties, although Jordanian law allows for the possible naturalization of non-national husbands and their children, Jordanian women who have tried  are still unable to even obtain an application from the Ministry of the Interior.

We need your help. Please support Jordanian women so that they can fully enjoy their rights as citizens of Jordan on the same basis as men. Join us in calling on the government to immediately work to ensure that the granted rights are fully accessible as promised, and to accelerate efforts to remove all remaining discrimination in the nationality law. Thank you.


UPDATE 12 NOVEMBER 2014: Progress! Equality Now and our partners, the Arab Women Organization and the “My mother is Jordanian and her nationality is a right for me” campaign, welcome the Jordanian government’s 9 November announcement granting certain rights to children of Jordanian women married to non-nationals. Endorsed by the Prime Minister, these children will now be granted special identity cards, free access to public schools and health care, access to jobs, residence permits, driver’s licenses and permission to own property and invest in business, among other rights. Such access would considerably improve the lives of the affected children. We urge the government to implement these changes as soon as possible within the announced six month time period.

While applauding this step, Equality Now and our partners continue to call on  the government to remove the discrimination from the nationality law itself so that women will have the same nationality rights as men. This will ensure that they and their families can enjoy the same access and benefits and have the ability to contribute as full members of society.


UPDATE 27 JANUARY 2014: On 12 January 2014, the Government of Jordan gave approval to grant the foreign spouses of Jordanian women and their children certain civil rights, including residence permits and improved access to state medical care facilities, education and work in the private sector. These rights will considerably alleviate the hardships of the affected families, and we urge the government to implement them without delay.

However, as sex discrimination still remains in the Jordanian nationality law, including not giving women the right to pass on their citizenship to their children and foreign spouses, Equality Now continues to call on the government to amend its nationality law to remove such discrimination.

Thank you for your support, and please continue to watch this space for further updates and calls for action.

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What You Can Do: 

TAKE ACTION NOW! << Click on this link to send all letters below online.

Call on Jordanian government officials to amend the Nationality Law to give Jordanian women the equal right to pass their nationality on to their children and spouses without delay.

King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein
King’s Office
11100 Amman, JORDAN
Tel: +9626 4637341
Fax: +9626 4627421/2

Prime Minister Abdallah El Nsour

11180 Amman, JORDAN

Tel: +9626 4641211

Fax: +9626 4642520

Email: info@pm.gov.jo

Call on the Minister of the Interior to accelerate governmental efforts to facilitate provision of residence permits to foreign spouses of Jordanian women until the Nationality Law is amended.

Minister of the Interior
P.O. Box 100, 11181 Amman
Ibin Zawdun St., Building #9, JORDAN
Tel.: +9626 5691141/Fax: +9626 5691141
Email: info@moi.gov.jo

Letters: 

TO THE KING & PRIME MINISTER:

Dear King, Prime Minister:

I support the people in Jordan advocating for women to be given equal citizenship rights with men, in particular the “My mother is Jordanian, and her nationality is a right for me” campaign organized by Nima Habashna, who recently passed away, and the Arab Women Organization. Therefore I ask the government to implement the rights promised to affected children in November 2014, which have yet to be fulfilled.

Under Jordanian Law No.6 of 1954 on Nationality, with few exceptions, women cannot transmit their nationality to their non-Jordanian husbands or to the children they have together. This is negatively impacting their lives. Several United Nations committees have urged your government to amend its nationality law to remove the sex discrimination in it. Though Jordanian law allows for the possibility of naturalization of a non-national husband and their children, not one woman in the campaign has even managed to have her petition considered and sometimes women are unable even to obtain an application.

Building on the progress towards easing hardships for children of affected families, I urge you to amend the Nationality Law and to facilitate residence permits for foreign spouses of Jordanian women without delay. Please ensure that women and their families can enjoy equal access and benefits and have the ability to contribute as full members in society.

Thank you for your attention.

Sincerely,


TO THE MINISTER OF THE INTERIOR:

Dear Minister,

I support the people of Jordan  advocating to amend Jordanian Law No. 6 of 1954 on Nationality to give Jordanian women married to non-nationals the equal right with Jordanian men to pass their citizenship on to their spouses and children. In particular, I support the “My mother is Jordanian, and her nationality is a right for me” campaign organized by Nima Habashna, who recently passed away, and the Arab Women Organization. Therefore, I urge the government to implement the rights that were announced in November 2014 to improve the lives of affected children as soon as possible. And, until the Nationality Law is amended, please also accelerate efforts to provide residence permits to foreign spouses of Jordanian women to ease the stress and difficulties caused by an insecure status.

Some of the hardships caused by the inability of Jordanian women to pass on their nationality include the fear that their children will be taken from the country by the non-Jordanian husband and the exploitation by employers of foreign-born husbands. Though Jordanian law allows for the possibility of naturalization of a non-national husband and their children, no woman in the campaign has had her petition considered, and many are unable to even obtain an application from your Ministry.

I urge you to follow through on existing obligations to children of affected families, and to support a comprehensive amendment of the Nationality Law as soon as possible.

Thank you for your attention.

Sincerely,

Jordan: National Efforts to Confront "Honor Killings" and to Protect Women from Violence

Update: 
UPDATE
Date: 
2002 Nov 1

Honor KillingsIn January 2002, two brothers from Jordan were given a three-month prison sentence for killing their sister Safa Samir on 7 July 2001. When Safa returned to her home on 6 July she confessed to her family that she had engaged in sexual activity with a man. That day her brother Anas Samir tried to kill her with an axe in the backyard of the family's home. Safa was admitted briefly to the hospital.

What You Can Do: 

Please write to the Minister of Social Development, reminding her of the Jordanian government's commitment to protect the right to life and security of all its people and of the previous Minister's pledge to open a national women's shelter. Commend discussions held to date and the positive steps the government has taken to combat domestic violence, in particular under the auspices of the Family Protection Project. Urge her to support women under threat of violence and at risk of being killed by acting immediately to open shelters for women in Jordan.

Please also write to the Minister of Justice, welcoming the amendment of Article 340 and the recent decision of the Court of Cassation in the case of Fawaz Syouf, but noting with concern the continuing practice of "honor" killings and the way in which Articles 97 and 98 are used to mitigate punishment for these killings. Ask him to take steps to ensure that judges apply the law appropriately and do not use Articles 97 and 98, or Article 340, to allow the justification of "honor" killings. Request him to ensure the courts hold those who commit "honor" crimes properly accountable and that sentences handed down reflect the severity of the crime. Letters should be addressed to:

Her Excellency Dr Rowaida Maatiah
Minister of Social Development
P.O. Box 6720
Amman, JORDAN
Fax: +962-6-593-0687

His Excellency Faris Al-Nabulsi
Minister of Justice
P.O. Box 4060
Amman, JORDAN
Fax: +962-6-464-6388

Jordan: National Efforts to Confront "Honor Killings" and to Protect Women from Violence

Update: 
Not an update
Date: 
2000 Dec 1

Honor killingsOne woman was knifed to death because she wanted to continue her education and refused to marry the man chosen for her by her family. Another woman was shot five times because she ran away from her husband who continually beat and raped her. Another was strangled on her wedding night when her husband discovered she was no longer a virgin.

What You Can Do: 

Please write to the Speaker of the Lower House of Parliament, urging him to support and to encourage other Members of Parliament to support all necessary amendments to the Penal Code so that it guarantees equality and justice and protects the value of all human life. Note that "honor killings" are a violation of fundamental human rights, including the right to life and to security of person, and the right to equal protection under the law.

Please also write to the Minister of Social Development expressing concern over the lack of shelters and other support services for women. Urge her to protect these women by establishing shelters and allowing non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to establish shelters, and by implementing adequate support services around the country for women under threat of violence and at risk of being killed.

His Excellency Abd al-Hadi al-Majali
Speaker of the Lower House of Parliament
P.O. Box 72
Amman, JORDAN
Fax: 962-6-568-5970

Her Excellency Tamam al-Ghwol
Ministry of Social Development
P.O. Box 6720
Amman, JORDAN
Fax: 962-6-593-0687

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